Medical Quiz

Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Quiz


Condition of thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity in the arterial walls.

A. atherosclerosis

B. varicose veins

C. thrombophlebitis

D. arteriosclerosis

The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be any vein or artery .

A. valvulitis

B. pericardium

C. phlebitis

D. thrombosis

Arrhythmia describes:

A. irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat

B. general term for disease of the heart muscle

C. malformation of the heart present at birth

D. contraction of heart muscle

The term “phleb” refers to:

A. Clots

B. Vein

C. Artery

D. Vessel

A genetic blood disease due to the presence of an abnormal form of hemoglobin, namely hemoglobin S, which causes blood cells to have an abnormal shape.

A. sickle cell anemia

B. phlebitis

C. pericardium

D. thrombosis

Enlarged, twisted, superficial veins, most commonly seen in the lower extremities.

A. thrombophlebitis

B. athreosclerosis

C. arteriosclerosis

D. varicose veins

This condition occurs when the heart doesn’t pump at full capacity and blood “backs up” into the heart…


B. Myocardial Infarction

C. Congestive Heart Failure

D. Ateriosclerosis 

Disease in which narrowing of the arteries results in decreased blood flow to the extremities, causing intermittent calf pain, called claudication, during walking.

A. coronary artery disease (CAD)

B. shock

C. embolus

D. peripheral artery disease (PAD)

Inflammation of a valve especially of the heart.

A. valvulitis

B. phlebitis

C. varicose veins

D. ventricullar fibrillation

Condition characterized by severe, constricting pain or pressure in the chest.

A. angina

B. fibrillation

C. flutter

D. mitral valve prolapse

How many defects are associated with tetrology of Fallot?

A. 2

B. 1

C. 4

D. 3

Blood pressure is measuring pressure on

A. a vein.

B. an artery.

C. an artery or a vein.

D. the heart.

The hardening of the arteries refers to this term:

A. Atherosclerosis


C. Ateriorsclerosis

D. Aneursym 

Localized, balloon-like dilation of a blood vessel, usually an artery.

A. aneurysm

B. arteriosclerosis

C. peripheral artery disease

D. coronary artery disease

A stationary blood clot along the wall of a blood vessel, frequently causing vascular obstruction.

A. thrombus

B. valvulitis

C. septicemia

D. transfusion reaction

Inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart.

A. congestive heart failure

B. endocarditis

C. pericarditis

D. myocarditis

Inflammation of a vein caused by the formation of a clot.

A. phlebitis

B. emobolus

C. thrombus

D. thrombophlebitis

The combining form meaning fatty paste is:

A. aort/o

B. atri/o

C. angi/o

D. ather/o

A therapy, is a treatment to dissolve dangerous clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs

A. thromboctopenia

B. phlebitis

C. thrombolytic

D. valvulitis

Fast heart beat.

A. tachypnea

B. arrhythmia

C. tachycardia

D. bradycardia

A condition resulting in discoloration of fingers and/or toes when a person is exposed to changes in temperature (cold or hot) or emotional events. The skin discoloration occurs because an abnormal spasm of the blood vessels causes a diminished blood supply.

A. phlebitis

B. Raynaud’s disease

C. sickle cell anemia

D. varicose veins


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