Medical Quiz

Cardiac & Diseases of Blood Flow Quiz


Preview:


What is Xanthelasma?

A. Yellow deposits (fats/cholesterol) under skin

B. Fat build up around the eye


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it reduces liver synthesis of cholesterol:

A. Statins

B. Bile acid sequestrants

C. ACE inhibitors

D. Calcium antagonists


The Laplace Law:

A. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Dec. ability to eject blood if dilated

B. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Inc. ability to eject blood if dilated

C. Stretched cardiac muscle = decreased contraction

D. Stretched cardiac muscle = increased contraction


The release of renin activates:

A. Angiotensin ll

B. Aldosterone


Angiotensin ll leads to:

A. Vasodilation

B. Retain Na+ and H2O (inc BP)

C. Vasoconstriction

D. Aldosterone


Aldosterone leads to:

A. Vasoconstriction

B. Vasodilation

C. Retain Na+ and H2O (inc BP)

D. Release of renin


What are two signs of hyperlipidemia?

A. Zenthoma and Zanthelasma

B. Xanthoza and Xantheshma

C. Zanthoma and Zanthelasma

D. Xanthoma and Xanthelasma


What medications are used to treat hypertension?

A. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Bile acid sequestrants
c. Calcium antagonists

B. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Diuretics
c. Calcium antagonists

C. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Anti-diuretics
c. Fibrates

D. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Statins
c. Calcium antagonists


The equation for Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) is:

A. Average pressure (SBP + 2/3 pp)

B. Average pressure (DBP + 1/3 pp)

C. Average pressure (DBP + 2/3 pp)

D. Average pressure (SBP + 1/3 pp)


Pulse pressure is:

A. DBP-SBP

B. SBP-DBP


Primary HTN accounts for ____% of cases and is caused by _____

A. 80%; unknown origins

B. 20%; medications

C. 80%; medications

D. 20%; unknown origins


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow, they release:

A. Aldosterone

B. Angiotensin ll

C. Renin


What 4 organs are at risk due to HTN?

A. a. Heart
b. Pancreas
c. Brain
d. Gallbladder

B. a. Heart
b. Retina
c. Brain
d. Gallbladder

C. a. Heart
b. Retina
c. Brain
d. Kidneys

D. a. Heart
b. Blood vessels
c. Brain
d. Kidneys


BP is:

A. SBP/DBP

B. DBP/SBP


Hypertension is present if SBP >/= _____ and DBP >/= _____

A. 130; 80

B. 130; 90

C. 140; 90

D. 140; 80


The ventricles relax during:

A. Diastolic BP

B. Systolic BP


What is xanthoma?

A. Yellow deposits (fats/cholesterol) under skin

B. Fat build up around the eye


The Frank-Starling Law is:

A. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Inc. ability to eject blood if dilated

B. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Dec. ability to eject blood if dilated

C. Stretched cardiac muscle = decreased contraction

D. Stretched cardiac muscle = increased contraction


Hypertension is defined as:

A. Sustained elevation in SBP=>160 or DBP<90 B. Sustained elevation of arterial BP. SBP=>140 or DBP=>90


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow they release ______, which activates ______, which stimulates _______

A. Renin; aldosterone; angiotensin ll

B. Aldosterone; angiotensin ll; renin

C. Angiotensin ll; renin; aldosterone

D. Renin; angiotensin ll; aldosterone


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it treats high triglyceride levels

A. Statins

B. ACE inhibitors

C. Fibrates

D. Diuretics


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow they:

A. Release angiotensin ll which stimulates aldosterone

B. Release angiotensin ll which which activates renin, which stimulates aldosterone

C. Release renin, which activates angiotensin ll which stimulates aldosterone

D. Release renin, which activates aldosterone, which stimulates angiotensin ll


Healthy levels of cholesterol are:

a. Total cholesterol
b. LDL
c. HDL
d. Triglycerides

A. a. Total: <150mg/dL b. LDL (bad): <130mg/dL c. HDL (good): >20mg/dL
d. Triglycerides: <200 mg/dLB. a. Total: <200 mg/dL b. LDL (good): >20mg/dL
c. HDL (bad): <130mg/dL d. Triglycerides: <150mg/dLC. a. Total: <150mg/dL b. LDL (good): >20mg/dL
c. HDL (bad): <130mg/dL d. Triglycerides: <200 mg/dLD. a. Total: <200 mg/dL b. LDL (bad): <130mg/dL c. HDL (good): >20mg/dL
d. Triglycerides: <150m


What medications are used to treat hyperlipidemia?

A. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Diuretics
c. Fibrates

B. a. Statins
b. Bile acid sequestrants
c. Calcium antagonists

C. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Diuretics
c. Fibrates

D. a. Statins
b. Bile acid sequestrants
c. Fibrates


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it reduces bile by blocking reabsorption in the intestines:

A. Statins

B. Bile acid sequestrants

C. ACE inhibitors

D. Calcium antagonists




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