Medical Quiz

Cardiac & Diseases of Blood Flow Quiz


Preview:


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow they:

A. Release angiotensin ll which stimulates aldosterone

B. Release angiotensin ll which which activates renin, which stimulates aldosterone

C. Release renin, which activates angiotensin ll which stimulates aldosterone

D. Release renin, which activates aldosterone, which stimulates angiotensin ll


What are two signs of hyperlipidemia?

A. Zenthoma and Zanthelasma

B. Xanthoza and Xantheshma

C. Zanthoma and Zanthelasma

D. Xanthoma and Xanthelasma


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow they release ______, which activates ______, which stimulates _______

A. Renin; aldosterone; angiotensin ll

B. Aldosterone; angiotensin ll; renin

C. Angiotensin ll; renin; aldosterone

D. Renin; angiotensin ll; aldosterone


The release of renin activates:

A. Angiotensin ll

B. Aldosterone


Healthy levels of cholesterol are:

a. Total cholesterol
b. LDL
c. HDL
d. Triglycerides

A. a. Total: <150mg/dL b. LDL (bad): <130mg/dL c. HDL (good): >20mg/dL
d. Triglycerides: <200 mg/dLB. a. Total: <200 mg/dL b. LDL (good): >20mg/dL
c. HDL (bad): <130mg/dL d. Triglycerides: <150mg/dLC. a. Total: <150mg/dL b. LDL (good): >20mg/dL
c. HDL (bad): <130mg/dL d. Triglycerides: <200 mg/dLD. a. Total: <200 mg/dL b. LDL (bad): <130mg/dL c. HDL (good): >20mg/dL
d. Triglycerides: <150m


The Frank-Starling Law is:

A. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Inc. ability to eject blood if dilated

B. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Dec. ability to eject blood if dilated

C. Stretched cardiac muscle = decreased contraction

D. Stretched cardiac muscle = increased contraction


The ventricles contract during:

A. Diastolic BP

B. Systolic BP


Isolated systolic HTN is defined as:

A. Sustained elevation in SBP=/>140 with DBP >90

B. Sustained elevation in SBP=/>160 with DBP <90 C. Sustained elevation in SBP=/>160 with DBP >90

D. Sustained elevation in SBP=/>140 with DBP <90


Secondary HTN is caused by

A. Unknown origins

B. Systemic disease process that increases Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR) or CO (ie: birth control meds)

C. Sustained elevation in SBP=>160 or DBP<90


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it treats high triglyceride levels

A. Statins

B. ACE inhibitors

C. Fibrates

D. Diuretics


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it reduces bile by blocking reabsorption in the intestines:

A. Statins

B. Bile acid sequestrants

C. ACE inhibitors

D. Calcium antagonists


Angiotensin ll leads to:

A. Vasodilation

B. Retain Na+ and H2O (inc BP)

C. Vasoconstriction

D. Aldosterone


The ventricles relax during:

A. Diastolic BP

B. Systolic BP


Hypertension is defined as:

A. Sustained elevation in SBP=>160 or DBP<90 B. Sustained elevation of arterial BP. SBP=>140 or DBP=>90


The Laplace Law:

A. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Dec. ability to eject blood if dilated

B. Tension in ventricle wall depends on size of ventricle.
Inc. ability to eject blood if dilated

C. Stretched cardiac muscle = decreased contraction

D. Stretched cardiac muscle = increased contraction


What is xanthoma?

A. Yellow deposits (fats/cholesterol) under skin

B. Fat build up around the eye


The equation for Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) is:

A. Average pressure (SBP + 2/3 pp)

B. Average pressure (DBP + 1/3 pp)

C. Average pressure (DBP + 2/3 pp)

D. Average pressure (SBP + 1/3 pp)


When the kidneys don’t receive enough blood flow, they release:

A. Aldosterone

B. Angiotensin ll

C. Renin


BP is:

A. SBP/DBP

B. DBP/SBP


Pulse pressure is:

A. DBP-SBP

B. SBP-DBP


What medications are used to treat hypertension?

A. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Bile acid sequestrants
c. Calcium antagonists

B. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Diuretics
c. Calcium antagonists

C. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Anti-diuretics
c. Fibrates

D. a. ACE inhibitors
b. Statins
c. Calcium antagonists


Primary HTN accounts for ____% of cases and is caused by _____

A. 80%; unknown origins

B. 20%; medications

C. 80%; medications

D. 20%; unknown origins


The following medication is used to treat hyperlipidemia because it reduces liver synthesis of cholesterol:

A. Statins

B. Bile acid sequestrants

C. ACE inhibitors

D. Calcium antagonists


What 4 organs are at risk due to HTN?

A. a. Heart
b. Pancreas
c. Brain
d. Gallbladder

B. a. Heart
b. Retina
c. Brain
d. Gallbladder

C. a. Heart
b. Retina
c. Brain
d. Kidneys

D. a. Heart
b. Blood vessels
c. Brain
d. Kidneys


Angiotensin ll stimulates:

A. Renin

B. Aldosterone




Disclaimer:

Medical Quiz should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. All content on this website is for informational and educational purposes only.