Medical Quiz

Biochemistry/Cells Quiz


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Two or more atoms chemically bonded together are called a

A. atom

B. element

C. molecule

D. mixture



A process for removing large quantities toxins and waste from the cell is

A. exorcism

B. exocytosis

C. endocytosis

D. endoplasmic reticulum


The jelly-like fluid that surrounds the organelles in the plant and animal cells is called what?

A. chloroplast

B. cytoplasm

C. vacuole

D. cell wall


Osmosis is the diffusion of _____ across a membrane

A. glucose

B. NaCl

C. proteins

D. water



Identify the structure that is indicated by the arrow in the image.

A. cell wall

B. vacuole

C. chloroplast

D. nucleus


What is the name of the reaction that breaks apart a polymer into monomers?

A. dehydration synthesis

B. condensation reaction

C. hydrolysis

D. acidification



This subatomic particle of an atom has NO charge.

A. electron

B. proton

C. atom

D. neutron


What type of bond is formed when atoms share electrons?

A. Covalent

B. Ionic

C. Hydrogen

D. Polyatomic


What is unique about carbon and its bonding ability?

A. It can bond with any element because it has 1 valence electron

B. It can only bond with other carbon atoms

C. It can form up to four different bonds because it has 4 valence electrons

D. It can break down bonds in other molecules


Which region of an atom has a negative charge?

A. The nucleus

B. Both nucleus and electron cloud

C. The neutrons

D. The electron cloud


All living things are made up of…

A. cells

B. cell tissues

C. organ

D. organ systems


Which of the following, found ONLY in plant cells, provides structure?

A. cell wall

B. chloroplast

C. nucleus

D. vacuole


Which subatomic part of an atom gives it a positive charge?

A. Neutron

B. Proton

C. Electron

D. Nucleus


Elements are made of 

A. many types of atoms 

B. the periodic table

C. one type of atom 

D. molecules 



How many hydrogen atoms are there in a water molecule?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3


Passive transport is called “passive” because it occurs WITHOUT

A. cause.

B. energy.

C. a concentration gradient.

D. a cell wall.


Macromolecules are often POLYMERS. What are polymers?

A. Really large molecules made from smaller molecules

B. Small building blocks

C. Inorganic materials

D. Large molecules made from oxygen



_____________ allows some things to enter and leave cells, while keeping other things out of the cell.

A. Nucleus control center of the cell

B. Selectively Permeable golgi apparatus

C. A selectively permeable membrane

D. Non Permeable membrane


What do vacuoles do?

A. They give the cells their shape.

B. They protect the cell.

C. They are the brain of the cell.

D. They are used for storage.


This type of lipid is solid at room temperature and found in animal sources.

A. oils

B. enzymes

C. saturated fats

D. unsaturated fats


What are organic molecules?

A. Molecules based on oxygen

B. Molecules based on carbon

C. Molecules that are made in laboratories

D. Molecules that organisms cannot make on their own



I am the outer most layer of an animal cell. What am I?

A. cell wall

B. nucleus

C. cell membrane

D. cell skin


The nucleus of an atom is made up of ___________________.

A. Protons and Neutrino

B. Neutrons and Electrons

C. Protons and Neutrons

D. Protons and Electrons


What is the name of the reaction that builds polymers from monomers?

A. hydrolysis

B. acidification

C. organic synthesis

D. dehydration synthesis




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