Medical Quiz

Basic Structure of the Human Body Quiz


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Meisosis is the process utilized in the reproduction of the sex cells (egg & sperm.)

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which is the “brain” of the cell?

A. nucleolus

B. nucleus

C. endoplasmic reticulum

D. lysosome


Adipose tissue is another name for ______.

A. bone tissue

B. nerve tissue

C. fatty tissue

D. blood


The semi-liquid fluid inside the cell, which serves as the site for all chemical reactions is the _________.

A. plasma membrane

B. protoplasm

C. cytoplasm

D. Golgi Body


When organs and other body parts join together for a particular function, a(n) _______ is formed.

A. organ

B. cell

C. organ system

D. organism


Epithelial tissue is the main tissue in the skin, glands, and tracts of many body systems.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


In meiosis, each new cell has 46 chromosomes.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The study of the form and structure of an organism is _____.

A. physiology

B. pathophysiology

C. anatomy

D. chemistry


There are five main types of body tissue: epithelial, connective, glandular, nerve, and musle.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which is NOT a type of muscle tissue?

A. skeletal

B. cardiac

C. visceral/smooth

D. digestive


The study of how disease occurs is ______.

A. anatomy

B. physiology

C. pathophysiology

D. pathoanatomy


Which organelle contains digestive enzymes that digest and destroy foreign material?

A. ribosome

B. vacuole

C. pinocytic vesicle

D. lysosome


Two or more tissues that join together for a common purpose form a(n) _____.

A. cell group

B. organ

C. organ system

D. none of these


When egg & sperm meet, a zygote is formed, which has a full complement of 46 chromosomes.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The basic SUBSTANCE of life is ________.

A. the cell

B. protoplasm

C. the organism

D. muscle tissue


Which organelle is a fine network of tubular structures that allow transport of materials into/out of the nucleus?

A. vacuole

B. pinocytic vesicle

C. endoplasmic reticulum

D. cell membrane


Cells of the same type that join together for a common purpose form _____.

A. organs

B. tissues

C. organ systems

D. none of these


Which are examples of connective tissue?

A. bones, adipose tissue, blood

B. nerves

C. skeletal, cardiac, and visceral muslces

D. the skin and glands


Which organelle produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell?

A. Golgi Body

B. centrosome

C. nucleus

D. endoplasmic reticulum


Which is located within the nucleus and manufactures ribosomes?

A. mitochondria

B. nucleolus

C. vacuole

D. plasma membrane


The study of the process of living things…..why and how they work is ______.

A. anatomy

B. physiology

C. pathophysiology

D. pathoanatomy


What does nervous tissue do?

A. allows for movement of the body or things within the body

B. makes up the skin

C. controls and coordinates body activities

D. None of the above


Which is the pouch-like cell organelle that stores food, water, or waste material?

A. vacuole

B. pinocytic vesicle

C. lysosome

D. endoplasmic reticulum


In mitosis, cells division produces two identical cells.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Stem cells have ability to transform into any type of specialized cell.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE




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