Medical Quiz

Basic Structure of the Human Body Quiz


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Two or more tissues that join together for a common purpose form a(n) _____.

A. cell group

B. organ

C. organ system

D. none of these


The study of how disease occurs is ______.

A. anatomy

B. physiology

C. pathophysiology

D. pathoanatomy


Which is the “powerhouse” of the cell and produces energy?

A. lysosome

B. pinocytic vesicle

C. mitochondria

D. nucleolus


Cells of the same type that join together for a common purpose form _____.

A. organs

B. tissues

C. organ systems

D. none of these


Epithelial tissue is the main tissue in the skin, glands, and tracts of many body systems.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The study of the process of living things…..why and how they work is ______.

A. anatomy

B. physiology

C. pathophysiology

D. pathoanatomy


When egg & sperm meet, a zygote is formed, which has a full complement of 46 chromosomes.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which is NOT a type of muscle tissue?

A. skeletal

B. cardiac

C. visceral/smooth

D. digestive


Stem cells have ability to transform into any type of specialized cell.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which is the “brain” of the cell?

A. nucleolus

B. nucleus

C. endoplasmic reticulum

D. lysosome


Which are examples of connective tissue?

A. bones, adipose tissue, blood

B. nerves

C. skeletal, cardiac, and visceral muslces

D. the skin and glands


Which is a pocket-like fold in the cell membrane that helps large molecules enter the cell?

A. vacuole

B. mitochondria

C. lysosome

D. pinocytic vesicle


Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is present in all human cells.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Adipose tissue is another name for ______.

A. bone tissue

B. nerve tissue

C. fatty tissue

D. blood


The basic unit of structure and function of all living things is ____.

A. the cell

B. protoplasm

C. nervous tissue

D. none of these


With mitosis, each new cell created has 46 chromosmes (23 pairs).

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which is the outer, protective covering of the cell?

A. cell membrane

B. cytoplasm

C. lysosome

D. mitochondria


Structure that contains the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA

A. Vacuole

B. Nucleolus

C. Nucleus

D. Ribosome


When body systems work together to maintain an human body, there is a(n) _____.

A. cell group

B. organ system

C. organism

D. tissue group


When organs and other body parts join together for a particular function, a(n) _______ is formed.

A. organ

B. cell

C. organ system

D. organism


Which organelle produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell?

A. Golgi Body

B. centrosome

C. nucleus

D. endoplasmic reticulum


In meiosis, each new cell has 46 chromosomes.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which organelle contains digestive enzymes that digest and destroy foreign material?

A. ribosome

B. vacuole

C. pinocytic vesicle

D. lysosome


Meisosis is the process utilized in the reproduction of the sex cells (egg & sperm.)

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The study of the form and structure of an organism is _____.

A. physiology

B. pathophysiology

C. anatomy

D. chemistry




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