Medical Quiz

Bacteria & Viruses Quiz


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This is the practice of producing a genetically identical cell or organism

A. Cloning

B. Gel Electrophoresis

C. Genetic Engineering

D. DNA Fingerprinting


Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase


Which is bigger, a bacterium or a virus?

A. Bacteria

B. Virus


How do bacteria move?
A. flagella
B. cilia
C. they don’t


What is the name of the international effort to sequence a human’s DNA sequence?

A. The Gene Sequencing Project

B. The DNA Fingerprinting Project

C. The Nuremberg Trials

D. The Human Genome Project


What is the last step in the viral reproduction cycle?
A. A virus attaches to the surface of a host cell
B. The proteins and genetic material start to assemble in the cell
C. The host cell bursts open, releasing the new viruses
D. The virus injects its genetic material into the cell


A vaccine triggers your body to produce _____________ which help fight infections.

A. antibiotics

B. antibodies

C. antigens


What does invading the host cell enable the virus to do?
A. increase its size
B. synthesize needed oxygen
C. obtain nutrients
D. reproduce


The graph represents the results of an investigation of the growth of three identical bacterial cultures incubated at different temperatures. Which inference can be made from this graph?
A. Temperature is unrelated to the reproductive rate of bacteria
B. Bacteria cannot grow at a temperature of 5°C.
C. Life activities in bacteria slow down at high temperatures.
D. Refrigeration will most likely slow the growth of these bacteria.


A disease causing organism
A. pathogen
B. poison
C. vaccine


Bacteria cells share which of the following organelles in common with plant and animal cells?
A. cell membrane, RER
B. cell wall, mitochondria
C. nucleus, ribosomes
D. ribosomes, cytoplasm


Out of t-cells and b-cells which is the helper cell?
A. b-cells
B. t-cells
C. neither
D. both


What is gene therapy?

A. Inserting copies of a healthy gene directly into cells with a mutated gene

B. Producing organisms with identical copies of DNA

C. Crossing two individuals that have similar desirable characteristics or traits

D. Crossing two individuals that have different characteristics or traits


Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. spirillum
C. bacillus


Which BEST compares bacteria and viruses?
A. bacteria are smaller than viruses
B. bacteria cause disease, but viruses do not
C. bacteria are living organisms, but viruses are not
D. bacteria have genetic material, but viruses do not


Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. bacillus
C. spirillum


What are Lymphocytes?
A. A type of red blood cell
B. A nucleus 
C. A type of white blood cell
D. Bone Marrow


Which can be treated with antibiotics?
A. Virus
B. Bacteria
C. Mutagen
D. Parasite


If a bacterial shape is described as being “strepto” smart patients know  the bacteria is growing in a  
A. clump
B. cluster
C. chain


What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum


True or False: Some types of bacteria eat and clean up oil spills
A. TRUE
B. FALSE


Like all other body systems, the immune system helps the body maintain homeostasis.  Which statement best describes how the immune system does this?  
A. it protects other organs and tissues from infection and disease
B. it breaks down food to provide cells with nutrients
C. it gathers information through the senses and controls all other body systems
D.  it transports oxygen and carbon dioxide


How would you describe the size of a virus?

A. Smaller than bacteria

B. Larger than a parasite

C. About the size of a dime

D. Smaller than a proton


A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different sources is called?

A. Mutant DNA

B. Polyploid DNA

C. Diploid DNA

D. Recombinant DNA


Name this bacteria shape
A. bacillus
B. coccus
C. spirillum




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