Medical Quiz

Bacteria & Viruses Quiz


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Which BEST compares bacteria and viruses?
A. bacteria are smaller than viruses
B. bacteria cause disease, but viruses do not
C. bacteria are living organisms, but viruses are not
D. bacteria have genetic material, but viruses do not


A disease causing organism
A. pathogen
B. poison
C. vaccine


What part of the virus is number 1 (the orange part)?

A. Capsid

B. DNA

C. Surface Markers

D. Envelope


Out of t-cells and b-cells which is the helper cell?
A. b-cells
B. t-cells
C. neither
D. both


Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. spirillum
C. bacillus


What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum


What does invading the host cell enable the virus to do?
A. increase its size
B. synthesize needed oxygen
C. obtain nutrients
D. reproduce


This is the practice of producing a genetically identical cell or organism

A. Cloning

B. Gel Electrophoresis

C. Genetic Engineering

D. DNA Fingerprinting


A vaccine triggers your body to produce _____________ which help fight infections.

A. antibiotics

B. antibodies

C. antigens


A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different sources is called?

A. Mutant DNA

B. Polyploid DNA

C. Diploid DNA

D. Recombinant DNA


If scientists engineer the DNA of tomatoes to make them survive in cold temperatures, what do those tomatoes become?

A. Human Genome Project

B. Genetically Modified Organisms

C. Punnett Squares

D. Gene Therapy


What are Lymphocytes?
A. A type of red blood cell
B. A nucleus 
C. A type of white blood cell
D. Bone Marrow


Which statement about bacteria is true?

A. Bacteria help you breathe

B. Bacteria help you digest your food

C. Bacteria help add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere

D. All bacteria need sunlight to make food


The picture below illustrates one internal part of the body’s immune system. What process is illustrated in the picture?
A. a skin cell destroying germs.
B. inflammation near an opened wound
C. a white blood cell destroying pathogens
D. mucus in the lungs destroying pathogens


Which can be treated with antibiotics?
A. Virus
B. Bacteria
C. Mutagen
D. Parasite


Live bacteria are found in milk, cheese and yogurt
A. TRUE
B. FALSE


Which of the following can challenge the immune system?

A. Allergies

B. Antibodies

C. Vaccines

D. Macrophage


All bacteria are
A. unicellular
B. multicellular
C. eukaryotic


Anything that triggers an immune response is a/n
A. lymph cell
B. antigen
C. antibody
D. neutrop


Name this bacteria shape
A. bacillus
B. coccus
C. spirillum


What is gene therapy?

A. Inserting copies of a healthy gene directly into cells with a mutated gene

B. Producing organisms with identical copies of DNA

C. Crossing two individuals that have similar desirable characteristics or traits

D. Crossing two individuals that have different characteristics or traits


Bacteria are prokaryotes which means they
A. have a nucleus on their capsule
B. do not contain a nucleus
C. can live in environments with and without oxygen


The graph represents the results of an investigation of the growth of three identical bacterial cultures incubated at different temperatures. Which inference can be made from this graph?
A. Temperature is unrelated to the reproductive rate of bacteria
B. Bacteria cannot grow at a temperature of 5°C.
C. Life activities in bacteria slow down at high temperatures.
D. Refrigeration will most likely slow the growth of these bacteria.


Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase


What is the name of the international effort to sequence a human’s DNA sequence?

A. The Gene Sequencing Project

B. The DNA Fingerprinting Project

C. The Nuremberg Trials

D. The Human Genome Project




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