Bacteria & Viruses Quiz


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Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. spirillum
C. bacillus


Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase


What happens after the second time you are exposed to a pathogen?

A. The body will not be able to fight off the pathogen quickly, because it knows how to get into the body easier.

B. The body’s immune system will react the same was as it did during the first exposure.

C. The body can only be exposed to a pathogen a second time if you do not have a vaccine.

D. The body will know how to fight off the pathogen quickly, because memory cells have been created after the first encounter.


What part of the virus is number 1 (the orange part)?

A. Capsid

B. DNA

C. Surface Markers

D. Envelope


What are Lymphocytes?
A. A type of red blood cell
B. A nucleus 
C. A type of white blood cell
D. Bone Marrow


How do bacteria move?
A. flagella
B. cilia
C. they don’t


Which of the following can challenge the immune system?

A. Allergies

B. Antibodies

C. Vaccines

D. Macrophage


Bacteria cells share which of the following organelles in common with plant and animal cells?
A. cell membrane, RER
B. cell wall, mitochondria
C. nucleus, ribosomes
D. ribosomes, cytoplasm


If scientists engineer the DNA of tomatoes to make them survive in cold temperatures, what do those tomatoes become?

A. Human Genome Project

B. Genetically Modified Organisms

C. Punnett Squares

D. Gene Therapy


This is the practice of producing a genetically identical cell or organism

A. Cloning

B. Gel Electrophoresis

C. Genetic Engineering

D. DNA Fingerprinting


Anything that triggers an immune response is a/n
A. lymph cell
B. antigen
C. antibody
D. neutrop


What does transgenic mean?

A. An organism that can change its genes at will

B. A stem cell that can differentiate into anything

C. An organism that has had another species’ DNA put in it

D. A bacteria that reproduces asexually


A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different sources is called?

A. Mutant DNA

B. Polyploid DNA

C. Diploid DNA

D. Recombinant DNA


Which can be treated with antibiotics?
A. Virus
B. Bacteria
C. Mutagen
D. Parasite


Which of the following statements is TRUE about someone’s immune system that has allergies?

A. Body cells are dividing at an uncontrolled rate.

B. The body is reacting to foreign antigens that are not dangerous to most people.

C. T cells and B cells in the body cannot be activated.

D. The body is mistaking its own cells for foreign antigens.


The picture below illustrates one internal part of the body’s immune system. What process is illustrated in the picture?
A. a skin cell destroying germs.
B. inflammation near an opened wound
C. a white blood cell destroying pathogens
D. mucus in the lungs destroying pathogens


The graph represents the results of an investigation of the growth of three identical bacterial cultures incubated at different temperatures. Which inference can be made from this graph?
A. Temperature is unrelated to the reproductive rate of bacteria
B. Bacteria cannot grow at a temperature of 5°C.
C. Life activities in bacteria slow down at high temperatures.
D. Refrigeration will most likely slow the growth of these bacteria.


Which statement about bacteria is true?

A. Bacteria help you breathe

B. Bacteria help you digest your food

C. Bacteria help add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere

D. All bacteria need sunlight to make food


Out of t-cells and b-cells which is the helper cell?
A. b-cells
B. t-cells
C. neither
D. both


What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum


Bacteria are prokaryotes which means they
A. have a nucleus on their capsule
B. do not contain a nucleus
C. can live in environments with and without oxygen


Name this bacteria shape
A. bacillus
B. coccus
C. spirillum


Live bacteria are found in milk, cheese and yogurt
A. TRUE
B. FALSE


What do viruses need to replicate?
A. food
B. a partner
C. a cell
D. moisture


A disease causing organism
A. pathogen
B. poison
C. vaccine




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