Medical Quiz

Bacteria & Viruses Quiz


What are Lymphocytes?
A. A type of red blood cell
B. A nucleus 
C. A type of white blood cell
D. Bone Marrow

Which can be treated with antibiotics?
A. Virus
B. Bacteria
C. Mutagen
D. Parasite

The graph represents the results of an investigation of the growth of three identical bacterial cultures incubated at different temperatures. Which inference can be made from this graph?
A. Temperature is unrelated to the reproductive rate of bacteria
B. Bacteria cannot grow at a temperature of 5°C.
C. Life activities in bacteria slow down at high temperatures.
D. Refrigeration will most likely slow the growth of these bacteria.

If a bacterial shape is described as being “strepto” smart patients know  the bacteria is growing in a  
A. clump
B. cluster
C. chain

A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from different sources is called?

A. Mutant DNA

B. Polyploid DNA

C. Diploid DNA

D. Recombinant DNA

All bacteria are
A. unicellular
B. multicellular
C. eukaryotic

Which of the following is used to cut DNA from organisms?

A. Gel Electrophoresis

B. Restriction Enzymes

C. Karyotypes

D. Haplotypes

Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase

Live bacteria are found in milk, cheese and yogurt

Which statement about bacteria is true?

A. Bacteria help you breathe

B. Bacteria help you digest your food

C. Bacteria help add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere

D. All bacteria need sunlight to make food

Which of the following can challenge the immune system?

A. Allergies

B. Antibodies

C. Vaccines

D. Macrophage

Which is bigger, a bacterium or a virus?

A. Bacteria

B. Virus

What part of the virus is number 1 (the orange part)?

A. Capsid


C. Surface Markers

D. Envelope

How do bacteria move?
A. flagella
B. cilia
C. they don’t

True or False: Some types of bacteria eat and clean up oil spills

Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. bacillus
C. spirillum

Name this bacteria shape
A. coccus
B. spirillum
C. bacillus

Out of t-cells and b-cells which is the helper cell?
A. b-cells
B. t-cells
C. neither
D. both

What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum

Name this bacteria shape
A. bacillus
B. coccus
C. spirillum

What does transgenic mean?

A. An organism that can change its genes at will

B. A stem cell that can differentiate into anything

C. An organism that has had another species’ DNA put in it

D. A bacteria that reproduces asexually

A vaccine triggers your body to produce _____________ which help fight infections.

A. antibiotics

B. antibodies

C. antigens

Bacteria cells share which of the following organelles in common with plant and animal cells?
A. cell membrane, RER
B. cell wall, mitochondria
C. nucleus, ribosomes
D. ribosomes, cytoplasm

The picture below illustrates one internal part of the body’s immune system. What process is illustrated in the picture?
A. a skin cell destroying germs.
B. inflammation near an opened wound
C. a white blood cell destroying pathogens
D. mucus in the lungs destroying pathogens

Like all other body systems, the immune system helps the body maintain homeostasis.  Which statement best describes how the immune system does this?  
A. it protects other organs and tissues from infection and disease
B. it breaks down food to provide cells with nutrients
C. it gathers information through the senses and controls all other body systems
D.  it transports oxygen and carbon dioxide


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