Medical Quiz

Bacteria and Viruses Quiz


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All bacteria are harmful.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Rod shaped bacteria

A. coccus

B. prokaryote

C. spirillum

D. bacillus


What are the poisons produced by some pathogens?

A. toxins

B. lysosomes

C. slime


Process in which food (often milk) is heated to a temperature that kills most harmful bacteria

A. immunization

B. pasteurization

C. fermentation

D. inoculation


Do antibiotics work to cure bacteria/infections?

A. No

B. Yes


All bacteria are harmful to humans

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


What do doctors use to help our immune systems resist viruses?

A. antibiotics

B. vaccines

C. gene therapy

D. chemotherapy


Another way in which bacteria are beneficial:

A. they are decomposers

B. they are the powerhouse of cells

C. they contain special DNA

D. they are used to make Diet Coke


Where are bacteria located?

A. No where.

B. Every where!

C. Only in the restroom.

D. On my hands only.


When a virus attaches to a host, what does it inject into the host

A. protein coat

B. Capsid

C. DNA/ RNA

D. Envelope


Bacteria cells unlike animal cells are missing …

A. a cell wall

B. genetic material

C. a nucleus

D. ribosomes


Which is most often used to treat a bacterial infection?

A. vaccine

B. antibiotics

C. vitamins

D. water


Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria

A. coccus

B. bacillus

C. spirillum

D. prokaryote


Bacteria are prokaryotes, meaning they ________.

A. lack a nucleus

B. are very large

C. contain no DNA

D. have a cytoplasm


Bacteria that can make their own food (producers)

A. cyanobacteria

B. saprophytes

C. nitrogen-fixing


Whiplike tail that bacteria use for movement

A. pili

B. cytoplasm

C. cell wall

D. flagellum


______________ are bacteria can break down dead and decaying materials (decompose).

A. saprophytes

B. bacteriophages

C. methane producing bacteria


What is a host?

A. An organism that eats another organism

B. An organism or a cell that the virus needs to reproduce in

C. Something that causes harm to the cell

D. The person that greats you at a resturant


Viruses require a host cell to

A. Breathe and eat

B. Replicate

C. Move and sleep

D. Make protein and carbohydrates


Virus that is inactive inside a cell, gets reproduced with the cell, and can active at a later time is ______.

A. latent

B. hidden

C. fixation

D. aerobe


Which is smaller, a virus or a bacteria?

A. virus

B. bacteria


Spherical bacteria

A. coccus

B. bacillus

C. endospore


What helps prevent some bacterial and viral diseases?

A. Vaccines

B. Antibiotics

C. Herbal tea

D. Gene Therapy


One important way to control the spread of bacterial and viral diseases is

A. hand washing

B. shaking hands

C. sharing drinks

D. the use of antibiotics


Can a virus be cured with antibiotics?

A. yes

B. no




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