Medical Quiz

Bacteria Quiz


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Bacteria attach to surfaces in highly organized colonies called __________________.

A. bioremediation

B. endospores

C. biofilms

D. fimbriae attachment


This bacteria causes a sore throat

A. Staph

B. Strep

C. E. Coli

D. Salmonella


Which bacteria is known for food poisoning when eating raw chicken?

A. Salmonella

B. E. Coli

C. Botulism

D. Listeria


Which of the following is a form of antibiotic resistant staph?

A. Lyme disease

B. botulism

C. salmonella

D. MRSA


Which bacteria is known causing food poisoning when eating undercooked red meat?

A. Salmonella

B. E. Coli

C. Botulism

D. Listeria


Prokaryotes move using a long whip-like structure called a

A. cilia

B. flagella

C. pili

D. fimbriae


What type of viruses infect bacteria?

A. adenovirus

B. plasmid

C. bacteriophage

D. fimbriae


How do bacteria benefit from living in our gut?

A. get nutrition

B. we provide them with oxygen

C. receive nitrogen from our gut

D. no benefit to them at all


What bacteria is responsible for most of the oxygen in the atmosphere?

A. E. Coli

B. Salmonella

C. Cyanobacteria

D. Oscillatoria


Prokaryotes that need oxygen to survive

A. Obligate anaerobes

B. Obligate aerobes

C. Facultative aerobes

D. Endospores


What is the term used when bacteria are used to break down waste?

A. biofilm

B. metagenomics

C. microbiota

D. bioremediation


This bacteria is passed from ticks to humans

A. Black plague

B. Lyme disease

C. Anthrax

D. Chlamydia


If conditions become too harsh a bacterial cell may produce a

A. endospore

B. capsule

C. cell wall

D. pili


Sphere shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular


Bacteria that are gram positive have a cell wall made of

A. lipopolysaccharide

B. glycoproteins

C. peptidoglycan

D. phospholipids


The best way to prevent bacterial disease

A. vaccines

B. antibiotics

C. cover your mouth when you cough

D. all of the above


Chemicals that kill bacteria or impede their growth are called

A. toxins

B. vaccines

C. antibiotics

D. antivirals


Extra circular piece of genetic material in prokaryotes

A. pili

B. fimbriae

C. plasmid

D. capsule


Rod shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular


Which domain contains the most ancient form of bacteria that are able to survive in extreme environments?

A. Bacteria

B. Archaea

C. Eukarya


What is an advantage of a cell wall?

A. prevents lysing

B. flexibility

C. genetic variation

D. easy digestion by antibiotics


What color are gram negative bacteria?

A. purple

B. pink

C. blue

D. green


Any disease causing agent is called a

A. pathogen

B. virus

C. bacteria

D. microorganism


Bacteria receive new genes through a process called

A. transduction

B. conjugation

C. binary fission

D. pili transfer


What do we use to treat bacterial infections?

A. vaccines

B. antivirals

C. antibiotics

D. toxins




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