Medical Quiz

Bacteria Quiz


Rod shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular

The three extreme environments that Archaea live in are all of the following EXCEPT

A. salt-loving. 

B. methane-making. 

C. nitrogen-fixating. 

D. heat-loving.

What are pathogens?

A. Eukaryotic cells that turned in to bacteria

B. Disease causing agents

C. Microorganisms that help clean up oil spills

D. Beneficial bacterial cells

Bacteria that are gram positive have a cell wall made of

A. lipopolysaccharide

B. glycoproteins

C. peptidoglycan

D. phospholipids

Sphere shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular

Organisms that break down food large, complex chemicals in dead organisms into small, simple chemicals

A. ribosomes

B. flagelllum

C. conjugation

D. decomposers

How is bacteria helpful?

A. Provide carbon dioxide, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

B. Provide oxygen, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

C. Provide oxygen, food wastes, environmental recycling, medicine.

D. Provide oxygen, food products, environment medicine.

Archaea love harsh environments. 



What is the term used when bacteria are used to break down waste?

A. biofilm

B. metagenomics

C. microbiota

D. bioremediation

What is the job of the cell wall in bacteria?

A. To provide protection

B. To make protiens

C. To hold organelles in place

D. To hold water and nutrients

If conditions become too harsh a bacterial cell may produce a

A. endospore

B. capsule

C. cell wall

D. pili

Bacteria attach to surfaces in highly organized colonies called __________________.

A. bioremediation

B. endospores

C. biofilms

D. fimbriae attachment

What shape are these bacteria?

A. cocci

B. bacili

C. spirilla

D. linguine

Any disease causing agent is called a

A. pathogen

B. virus

C. bacteria

D. microorganism

The ability of bacteria to survive and become “stronger” even after antibiotic treatment is called

A. cellular respiration

B. endospore formation

C. antibody resistance

D. antibiotic resistance

Which bacteria is known for food poisoning when eating raw chicken?

A. Salmonella

B. E. Coli

C. Botulism

D. Listeria

What is the process by which a bacteria cell replicates its DNA and divides in half?

A. Lysis

B. Binary Fission

C. Conjugation

D. Prophage

Which of the following is a form of antibiotic resistant staph?

A. Lyme disease

B. botulism

C. salmonella


Prokaryotes move using a long whip-like structure called a

A. cilia

B. flagella

C. pili

D. fimbriae

Which bacteria is known causing food poisoning when eating undercooked red meat?

A. Salmonella

B. E. Coli

C. Botulism

D. Listeria

A whip-like structure that helps a bacterial cell to move

A. Flagellum

B. Conjugation

C. Endospore

D. Pasteurization

What is an advantage of a cell wall?

A. prevents lysing

B. flexibility

C. genetic variation

D. easy digestion by antibiotics

All bacteria have DNA. 



Tiny structures that produce proteins inside bacteria

A. bacteria

B. ribosomes

C. cytoplasm

D. endospore

Which statement about bacteria is true?

A. All bacteria are prokaryotes

B. All bacteria are eukaryotes

C. All bacteria are autotrophs

D. All bacteria are heterotrophs


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