Medical Quiz

Bacteria Quiz


Preview:


What is the process by which a bacteria cell replicates its DNA and divides in half?

A. Lysis

B. Binary Fission

C. Conjugation

D. Prophage


A process by which bacteria reproduce asexually

A. binary fission

B. cellular respiration

C. pasteurization

D. decomposers


How is bacteria helpful?

A. Provide carbon dioxide, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

B. Provide oxygen, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

C. Provide oxygen, food wastes, environmental recycling, medicine.

D. Provide oxygen, food products, environment medicine.


This bacteria is passed from ticks to humans

A. Black plague

B. Lyme disease

C. Anthrax

D. Chlamydia


Sphere shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular


Any disease causing agent is called a

A. pathogen

B. virus

C. bacteria

D. microorganism


This bacteria causes a sore throat

A. Staph

B. Strep

C. E. Coli

D. Salmonella


Tiny single-celled organisms that live almost everywhere

A. ribosomes

B. cytoplasm

C. bacteria

D. virus


The best way to prevent bacterial disease

A. vaccines

B. antibiotics

C. cover your mouth when you cough

D. all of the above


What shape are these bacteria?

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirilla

D. fusilli


Chemicals that kill bacteria or impede their growth are called

A. toxins

B. vaccines

C. antibiotics

D. antivirals


Bacteria receive new genes through a process called

A. transduction

B. conjugation

C. binary fission

D. pili transfer


Organisms that break down food large, complex chemicals in dead organisms into small, simple chemicals

A. ribosomes

B. flagelllum

C. conjugation

D. decomposers


What are pathogens?

A. Eukaryotic cells that turned in to bacteria

B. Disease causing agents

C. Microorganisms that help clean up oil spills

D. Beneficial bacterial cells


What type of viruses infect bacteria?

A. adenovirus

B. plasmid

C. bacteriophage

D. fimbriae


Which of the following is a form of antibiotic resistant staph?

A. Lyme disease

B. botulism

C. salmonella

D. MRSA


Bacteria have a cell membrane

A. TRUE

B. FALSE

C. Some do, some don’t

D. Only in certain temperature conditions


Prokaryotes that need oxygen to survive

A. Obligate anaerobes

B. Obligate aerobes

C. Facultative aerobes

D. Endospores


All bacteria have DNA. 

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Extra circular piece of genetic material in prokaryotes

A. pili

B. fimbriae

C. plasmid

D. capsule


Archaea love harsh environments. 

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


What bacteria is responsible for most of the oxygen in the atmosphere?

A. E. Coli

B. Salmonella

C. Cyanobacteria

D. Oscillatoria


Tiny structures that produce proteins inside bacteria

A. bacteria

B. ribosomes

C. cytoplasm

D. endospore


What do we use to treat bacterial infections?

A. vaccines

B. antivirals

C. antibiotics

D. toxins


What is the job of the cell wall in bacteria?

A. To provide protection

B. To make protiens

C. To hold organelles in place

D. To hold water and nutrients




Disclaimer:

Medical Quiz should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. All content on this website is for informational and educational purposes only.