Medical Quiz

Bacteria Quiz


What is the process by which a bacteria cell replicates its DNA and divides in half?

A. Lysis

B. Binary Fission

C. Conjugation

D. Prophage

A process by which bacteria reproduce asexually

A. binary fission

B. cellular respiration

C. pasteurization

D. decomposers

How is bacteria helpful?

A. Provide carbon dioxide, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

B. Provide oxygen, food products, environmental recycling, medicine.

C. Provide oxygen, food wastes, environmental recycling, medicine.

D. Provide oxygen, food products, environment medicine.

This bacteria is passed from ticks to humans

A. Black plague

B. Lyme disease

C. Anthrax

D. Chlamydia

Sphere shaped bacteria are called

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirochete

D. globular

Any disease causing agent is called a

A. pathogen

B. virus

C. bacteria

D. microorganism

This bacteria causes a sore throat

A. Staph

B. Strep

C. E. Coli

D. Salmonella

Tiny single-celled organisms that live almost everywhere

A. ribosomes

B. cytoplasm

C. bacteria

D. virus

The best way to prevent bacterial disease

A. vaccines

B. antibiotics

C. cover your mouth when you cough

D. all of the above

What shape are these bacteria?

A. cocci

B. bacilli

C. spirilla

D. fusilli

Chemicals that kill bacteria or impede their growth are called

A. toxins

B. vaccines

C. antibiotics

D. antivirals

Bacteria receive new genes through a process called

A. transduction

B. conjugation

C. binary fission

D. pili transfer

Organisms that break down food large, complex chemicals in dead organisms into small, simple chemicals

A. ribosomes

B. flagelllum

C. conjugation

D. decomposers

What are pathogens?

A. Eukaryotic cells that turned in to bacteria

B. Disease causing agents

C. Microorganisms that help clean up oil spills

D. Beneficial bacterial cells

What type of viruses infect bacteria?

A. adenovirus

B. plasmid

C. bacteriophage

D. fimbriae

Which of the following is a form of antibiotic resistant staph?

A. Lyme disease

B. botulism

C. salmonella


Bacteria have a cell membrane



C. Some do, some don’t

D. Only in certain temperature conditions

Prokaryotes that need oxygen to survive

A. Obligate anaerobes

B. Obligate aerobes

C. Facultative aerobes

D. Endospores

All bacteria have DNA. 



Extra circular piece of genetic material in prokaryotes

A. pili

B. fimbriae

C. plasmid

D. capsule

Archaea love harsh environments. 



What bacteria is responsible for most of the oxygen in the atmosphere?

A. E. Coli

B. Salmonella

C. Cyanobacteria

D. Oscillatoria

Tiny structures that produce proteins inside bacteria

A. bacteria

B. ribosomes

C. cytoplasm

D. endospore

What do we use to treat bacterial infections?

A. vaccines

B. antivirals

C. antibiotics

D. toxins

What is the job of the cell wall in bacteria?

A. To provide protection

B. To make protiens

C. To hold organelles in place

D. To hold water and nutrients


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